Cytokine Signalling Forum

Publications





April 20

Relative Efficacy and Safety of Tofacitinib, Baricitinib, Upadacitinib, and Filgotinib in Comparison to Adalimumab in Patients with Active Rheumatoid Arthritis

Lee YH, Song GG.
Z Rheumatol. 2020 DOI: 10.1007/s00393-020-00750-1

This Bayesian network meta-analysis, comparing the relative efficacy and safety of JAK inhibitors, determined BARI 4mg + MTX and UPA 15mg + MTX were the most effective. The analysis included 5451 patients with an inadequate response to MTX and active RA, from four RCTs. Relative effects were converted into a probability allowing each treatment to be ranked. BARI and UPA had significantly higher ACR20 response rates than ADA 40mg + MTX whilst TOF 5mg and FIL 200mg had comparable ACR20 response ...

February 20

Preferential Inhibition of JAK1 Relative to JAK3 by Upadacitinib: Exposure-Response Analyses of Ex Vivo Data From 2 Phase 1 Clinical Trials and Comparison to Tofacitinib

Mohamed MF, Beck D, Camp HS, Othman AA.
Pharmacodynamics. 2020

Ex vivo pharmacodynamic assay results demonstrated a greater selectivity of UPA on JAK1 versus JAK3 compared to TOF. This analysis conducted ex vivo stimulation of STAT3 phosphorylation by IL-6 as a measure of JAK1 activity and STAT5 phosphorylation by IL-7 as a measure of JAK1/JAK3 activity. Change in pSTAT3 and pSTAT5 were calculated at 1, 6 and 12 hours following drug administration using samples collected from healthy subjects and subjects with RA, from 2 phase 1 studies. Exposure-response...

January 20

Effects of Upadacitinib on Patient-Reported Outcomes: Results from SELECT-BEYOND, a Phase 3 Randomized Trial in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inadequate Responses to Biologic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs

Strand V, Schiff M, Tunida N, Friedman A, Meerwein S, Pangan A, Ganguli A, Fuldeore M, Song Y, Pope J.
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2019

In SELECT-BEYOND, UPA demonstrated clinically meaningful improvements in patient reported outcomes compared to PBO in patients with RA who had an inadequate response to bDMARDs. In this post-hoc analysis of the SELECT-BEYOND study, the effect of UPA 15 or 30 mg on patient reported outcomes were assessed and compared to PBO. Eligible patients (498) with an inadequate response to bDMARDs were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to receive UPA 15 mg, UPA 30 mg or PBO. PROs collected at Wk1, Wk4, and Wk12 inclu...

Upadacitinib Improves Patient-Reported Outcomes in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Conventional Synthetic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs: Results from SELECT-NEXT

Strand V, Pope J, Tundia N, Friedman A, Camp H, Pangan A, Ganguli A, Fuldeore M, Goldschmidt D, Schiff M.
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2019

In SELECT-NEXT, UPA demonstrated clinically meaningful improvements in patient reported outcomes compared to PBO in patients with RA who had an inadequate response to csDMARDs. In this post hoc analysis, the effect of UPA 15 or 30 mg on patient reported outcomes were assessed and compared to PBO. Eligible patients (661) with an inadequate response to csDMARDs were randomly assigned 2:2:1:1 to receive background csDMARD therapy with either UPA 15 mg, UPA 30 mg or PBO. PROs collected at Wk4 and Wk...

November 19

Exposure-Response Analyses of Upadacitinib Efficacy and Safety in Phase 2 and 3 Studies to Support Benefit-Risk Assessment in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Nader A, Mohamed M-EF, Winzenborg I, Doelger E, Noertersheuser P, Pangan AL, Othman AA.
Clin Pharmacol Ther 2019

UPA 15 mg provided the optimal benefit-risk in RA through maximizing efficacy with only small incremental benefit with 30 mg, and with consistency across RA subpopulations and with UPA monotherapy or combination with csDMARDs. Exposure-response analyses were conducted using combined data from two Phase 2b and five Phase 3 studies in order to characterise the relationship between plasma exposure and efficacy, as well as to select safety parameters using the totality of the data in subjects with...

September 19

Comparación de la Regulación de la Señalización de Citoquinas Mediada por Baricitinib, Upadactinib y Tofacitinib en Subpoblaciones de Leucocitos Humanos

McInnes IB, Byers NL, Higgs RE, Lee J, Macias WL, Na S, Ortmann RA, Rocha G, Rooney TP, Wehrman T, Zhang X, Zuckerman SH, Taylor PC.
Arthritis Res Ther. 2019 Aug 2;21(1):183

Different JAKinibs modulated distinct cytokine pathways to varying degrees, and no agent potently or continuously inhibited an individual cytokine signalling pathway throughout the dosing interval. This study aimed to compare the in vitro cellular pharmacology of BARI, TOF and UPA across relevant leukocyte subpopulations, coupled with their in vivo PK, to determine their effects on distinct cytokine pathways. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors were incubated with differen...

Keywords: JAK, Upadacitinib, Preclinical, Selectivity

Translated by: Igor Koz

August 19

Upadacitinib versus Placebo o Adalimumab en Pacientes con Artritis Reumatoide y una Respuesta inadecuada a Metotrexate: Resultados de un Estudio de Fase 3, aleatorizado, controlado doble ciego

Fleischmann R, Pangan AL, Song IH, Mysler E, Bessette L, Peterfy C, Durez P, Ostor AJ, Li Y, Zhou Y, Othman AA, Genovese MC.
Arthritis Rheumatol 2019 DOI: 10.1002/art.41032

UPA demonstrated superiority to ADA in terms of clinical, functional and patient-reported outcomes with comparable radiographic inhibition. As many RA patients fail to achieve LDA and remission with TNF inhibitors and MTX there is a requirement for additional treatment options. In this SELECT-COMPARE study the clinical and functional outcomes of UPA were compared to ADA in MTX-IR patients. 1629 MTX-IR were randomly assigned 2:2:1 to; UPA 15mg QD, ADA 40mg Q2W or PBO, with background MTX. Key e...

Keywords: JAK, Upadacitinib, Clinical, Efficacy

Seguridad y Efectividad de Upadacitinib o Adalimumab más Metotrexate en Pacientes con Artritis Reumatoide: Más de 48 Semanas de Troca para una Terapia Alternativa con Respuesta Insuficiente

Fleischmann RM, Genovese MC,  Enejosa JV,  Mysler E, Bessette L, Peterfy C,  Ostor P,  Li Y,  Song I.
Ann Rheum Dis 2019 DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-215764

Consistent with Wk26 data, significantly more UPA patients achieved LDA and remission versus ADA and PBO over 48 weeks. RA patients often change therapy due to inadequate response and intolerance. The SELECT COMPARE study was designed to explore switching to JAK inhibitors from TNF inhibitors without a wash-out period (and vice versa). The long-term safety and efficacy of UPA was compared to ADA and PBO in MTX-IR. 1629 patients were blindly assigned 2:2:1 to; UPA 15mg QD, ADA 40mg Q2W and PBO, ...

Keywords: JAK, Upadacitinib, Clinical, Efficacy

June 19

Upadacitinib as Monotherapy in Patients with Active Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Methotrexate (SELECT-MONOTHERAPY): A Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Phase 3 Study

Smolen JS, Pangan AL, Emery P, Rigby W, Tanaka Y, Vargas JI, Zhang Y, Damjanov N, Friedman A, Othman AA, Camp HS, Cohen S.
Lancet. 2019 Jun 8;393(10188):2303-2311

UPA monotherapy showed statistically significant improvements in clinical and functional outcomes versus continuing MTX in MTX inadequate-responder patients with RA. Despite its proven effectiveness and safety, many patients are unable to tolerate MTX due to its side-effects. Therapies that can be used without concomitant MTX therefore, have an important place in RA management. In previous studies, UPA has shown efficacy in combination with stable background csDMARDs in RA patients who are DMA...

July 18

Seguridad y Eficacia de Upadacitinib en Pacientes con Artritis Reumatoide Activa Refractaria a Fármacos Anti-Reumaticos Modificadores de la Enfermedad Biológicos (SELECT-BEYOND) un Ensayo Aleatorizado Controlado Fase 3

Genovese MC, Fleischmann R, Combe B, Hall S, Rubbert-Roth A, Zhang Y, Zhou Y, Mohamed M-EF, Meerwein S, Pangan AL.
Lancet 2018;391:2513–24

Upadacitinib (UPA) extended release formulation was effective in treating patients with moderate-to-severe RA with an inadequate response to bDMARDs. Phase 2 study data has shown that UPA is an efficacious and safe treatment for active RA.1,2 SELECT-BEYOND was a double-blind, long-term extension, Phase 3 study to assess the efficacy of UPA in patients with RA who were bDMARD-IR. The first 12-weeks of SELECT-BEYOND were placebo-controlled, with a double-blind period followed by an ongoing double...

Keywords: JAK, Upadacitinib, Clinical, Phase 3

Translated by: Igor Kos

Seguridad y Eficacia de Upadacitinib en pacientes con Artritis Reumatoide con Respuesta Inadecuada a Fármacos Anti-Reumáticos Modificadores de la Enfermedad (SELECT-NEXT): un Ensayo Aleatorizado, Doble Ciego, Controlado-Placebo Fase 3

Burmester GR, Kremer JM, Van den Bosch F, Kivitz A, Bessette L, Li Y, Zhou Y, Othman AA, Pangan AL, Camp HS.
Lancet 2018;391:2503–12

Patients with moderate-to-severe active RA had significant improvements in clinical signs and symptoms with upadacitinib (UPA) compared with placebo. In Phase 2 studies, UPA showed favourable efficacy when administered twice daily as an immediate-release formulation at doses of 6–12 mg in patients with active RA who had TNFi-IR.1,2 An extended-release formulation allowing once-daily (QD) administration was developed for Phase 3 studies. SELECT-NEXT was a double-blind, multicentre, Phase 3...

Keywords: JAK, Upadacitinib, Clinical, Phase 3

Translated by: Igor Kos

May 18

Farmacocinética de Upadacitinib con Regímenes Clínicos de Formulación de Liberación Extendida Utilizados en Ensayos Clínicos Fase 3 de Artritis Reumatoide

Mohamed MEF, Zeng J, Marroum PJ, Song IH, Othman AA.
Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2019 Feb;8(2):208-216. doi: 10.1002/cpdd.462

Upadacitinib (UPA) extended release (ER) formulation dosing achieved the target profile that enables single dosing in patients with RA. In early clinical studies, UPA was given as an immediate release (IR) formulation, however patients were noted to experience fluctuations in blood plasma concentrations. To enhance patient compliance in UPA Phase 3 trials, ER tablets have been developed. Here, authors aimed at characterising the pharmacokinetics of UPA single and multiple doses of ER compared ...

Keywords: JAK, Upadacitinib, Preclinical, PK-PD

December 17

Inhibición de JAK como una estrategia terapéutica para Enfermedades Inmunes e Inflamatorias

Schwartz DM, Kanno Y, Villarino A, Ward M, Gadina M, O’Shea JJ.
Nat Rev Drug Discov 2017;16:843–62 DOI: 10.1038/nrd.2017.201

Janus kinases (JAKs) are essential mediators of downstream signaling pathways in many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. This review summarizes current clinical data on first- and second-generation JAK inhibitors (jakinibs) and discusses their use for the treatment of immune and inflammatory conditions. First generation jakinibs such as tofacitinib, baricitinib, and ruxolitinib, non-selectively inhibit JAK-dependent pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are major contributors to immunopathology. ...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, Efficacy

Translated by: Igor Kos