Cytokine Signalling Forum

Publications





November 20

Age-Based (<65 vs ≥65 years) Incidence of Infections and Serious Infections with Tofacitinib Versus Biological DMARDs in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Trials and the US Corrona RA Registry

Winthrop KL, Citera G, Gold D, Henrohn D, Connell CA, Shapiro AB, Shi H, Onofrei AM, Pappas DA, Schulze-Koops H.
Ann Rheum Dis 2020; DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-218992

Reports from clinical trials and the US Corrona RA registry showed that serious infection event (SIE) incidence was higher in older versus younger patients with RA receiving 10 mg BID of TOF and ADA, however, SIE risk was similar between age groups with TOF 5 mg BID and ADA. Data were collected from Phase II–IV tofacitinib studies, and the US Corrona RA registry. The clinical data set evaluated patients receiving TOF 5 and 10 mg BID versus TNFi (ADA/ETN) in RA patients aged ≥50 years. ...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, Safety

September 20

Incidence of venous and arterial thromboembolic events reported in the tofacitinib rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis development programmes and from real-world data

Mease P, Charles-Schoeman C, Cohen S, Fallon L, Woolcott J, Yun H, Kremer J, Greenberg J, Malley W, Onofrei A, Kanik KS, Graham D, Wang C, Connell C, Valdez H, Hauben M, Hung E, Madsen A, Jones TV, Curtis JR.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 05 August 2020

Concerns surrounding increased rates of PE and cardiovascular associated deaths has led to black box warnings when prescribing JAK inhibitors. As such, ongoing investigations regarding cardiovascular and VTE event risks in JAK inhibitor therapies, both clinical and real-world, are vital. Mease and colleagues consider data from clinical tofacitinib development programmes, and the ongoing real-data study A3921133. Conclusions from data analysis state that those with pre-existing cardiovascular and...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Cardiovascular

January 20

Tofacitinib in Combination with Methotrexate in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Patient-reported Outcomes from the 24-month Phase 3 ORAL Scan study

Strand V, van der Heijde D, Tanaka Y, Keystone E, Kremer J, Zerbini C A F, Cardiel M H, Cohen S, Nash P, Song Y-W, Tegzová D, Gruben D, Wallenstein G, Connell C A, Fleischmann R.
Clin Exp Rheumatol . Sep-Oct 2020;38(5):848-857. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

In the ORAL SCAN study, patients receiving TOF 5 mg or 10 mg BID reported significant improvements in patient-reported outcomes at month 3 compared with placebo, which were maintained through 24 months of treatment. RA causes a significant health and socioeconomic burden and affects all aspects of health related quality of life. ORAL Scan included patients with active RA and inadequate response to MTX who were randomised to receive TOF 5 mg or 10 mg BID plus MTX or PBO. This study evaluated the ...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, PRO

February 19

Tofacitinib in Combination with Methotrexate in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Clinical Efficacy, Radiographic and Safety Outcomes from the 24-Month Phase 3 ORAL Scan Study

van der Heijde D, Strand V, Tanaka Y, Keystone E, Kremer J, Zerbini CAF, Cardiel MH, Stanley Cohen S, Nash P, Song YW, Tegzová D, Gruben D, Wallenstein G, Connell CA, Fleischmann R, ORAL Scan investigators.
Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019 Jun;71(6):878-891

RA patients receiving TOF 5 or 10 mg BID plus MTX showed sustained clinical and radiographic treatment effects through months 12-24. The safety profile was consistent with previous TOF studies. The 12-month data from the ORAL Scan study have been previously reported. This report assesses durability of responses, including structural damage progression, and safety with TOF through 24 months. Patients were randomized 4:4:1:1 to receive TOF 5 or 10 mg BID, or PBO advanced to TOF with stable, ba...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, Safety

January 19

A Pooled analysis of the Safety of Tofacitinib as Monotherapy or in Combination with Background Conventional Synthetic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs in a Phase 3 Rheumatoid Arthritis Population

Kivitz AJ, Cohen S, Keystone E, van Vollenhoven RF, Haraoui B, Kaine J, Fan H, Connell CA, Bananis E, Takiya L, Fleischmann R.
Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2018 Dec;48(3):406-415. doi: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2018.07.006.

In this pooled analysis of Phase 3 Tofacitinib (TOF) trials, safety profiles were generally similar between patients receiving monotherapy and combination therapy. Although selected adverse events of interest showed lower incidence rates (IRs) for TOF monotherapy patients. TOF has been studied as monotherapy and in combination with csDMARDs. In this post-hoc analysis, data were pooled from six Phase 3 TOF studies in RA patients to further examine the safety profile when used as monotherapy or i...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, Safety

June 18

Long-term Radiographic and Patient-reported Outcomes in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated with Tofacitinib: ORAL Start and ORAL Scan Post-hoc Analyses

Strand V, Kavanaugh A, Kivitz AJ, van der Heijde D, Kwok K, Akylbekova E, Soonasra A, Snyder M, Connell C, Bananis E, Smolen JS.
Rheumatol Ther. 2018 Dec;5(2):341-353. doi: 10.1007/s40744-018-0113-7

Tofacitinib (TOF) therapy reduced the progression of structural joint damage at 2 years, in patients of all disease states, compared with patients given methotrexate (MTX). Early intervention with DMARDs aim to prevent the development of future RA symptoms and inhibit the progression of structural damage to the joints. This post-hoc analysis uses data from two Phase 3 TOF studies, to examine the efficacy of early intervention with TOF on long-term radiographic outcomes and disease activity sta...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, Radiographic

December 17

Effect of Glucocorticoids on the Clinical and Radiographic Efficacy of Tofacitinib in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Posthoc Analysis of Data from 6 Phase III studies

Charles-Schoeman C, van der Heijde D, Bumester GR, Nash P, Zerbini CAF, Connell CA, Fan H, Kwok K, Bananis E, Fleischmann R.
J Rheumatol 2018 Feb; 45(2):177-87

In this post hoc analysis, six Phase 3 studies were used to analyse the effect of glucocorticoids (GC) on the efficacy of tofacitinib (TOF) in patients with RA. Concomitant use of GC did not affect the clinical or radiographic outcomes of patients treated with TOF. Data from all six clinical trials were evaluated, with four studies (ORAL Scan, ORAL Standard, ORAL Sync and ORAL Step) being pooled for analysis. In these studies, MTX was used as a comparison and patients were required to maintain ...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, Phase 3

December 15

Effects of tofacitinib monotherapy on patient-reported outcomes in a randomized phase 3 study of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis and inadequate responses to DMARDs

Strand V, Kremer J, Wallenstein G, Kanik KS, Connell C, Gruben D, Zwillich SH, Fleischmann R.
Arthritis Research & Therapy (2015) 17:307 DOI: 10.1186/s13075-015-0825-9 [Epub ahead of print]

RA presents a significant health and socioeconomic burden particularly in physical functioning, fatigue, and emotional roles. A phase III 6-month study of tofacitinib in patients with active RA, who had prior inadequate responses to cDMARDs or bDMARDs, uses patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to assess the impact on quality of life. Patients were randomized 4:4:1:1 to receive tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg BID, or placebo for 3 months followed by tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg BID. At month 3, tofacitinib 5 and ...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Clinical, Phase 3