Cytokine Signalling Forum

Publications





March 21

Qual Resultado Relatado pelo Paciente é o mais Importante para os Pacientes Reumatológicos para ser Rastreado Digitalmente? Um Estudo Longitudinal de Mundo-Real de ArthritisPower

Nowell WB, Gavigan K, Kannowski CL, Cai Z, Hunter T, Venkatachalam S, Birt J, Workman J, Curtis JR.
Arthritis Res Ther. 2021;23(1):53.

Fatigue, physical function, pain, and morning joint stiffness are the most important PROs to track, according to the rheumatology patients who experience these symptoms. Increasingly used, alongside clinical measures, to track symptoms and assess disease activity over time, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are also important indicators of quality of life and treatment effectiveness. To enable us to better understand which PROs patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease consider most im...

Keywords: JAK, Real World, PRO

January 21

Eficácia Comparativa de Inibidor do Fator de Necrose Tumoral de Primeira Linha versus Biológico no Inibidor do Fator de Necrose Tumoral e Agentes Sintéticos Dirigidos em Pacientes com Artrite Reumatoide: Resultados de um Grande Estudo de Registro Americano

Pappas DA, St John G, Etzel CJ, Fiore S, Blachley T, Kimura T, Punekar R, Emeanuru K, Choi J, Boklage S, Kremer JM.
Ann Rheum Dis 2021;80:96–102.

RA treatment guidelines recommend a treat-to-target approach guided by disease stage and treatment history, yet the optimal sequence of different treatment modalities has not been established. Data from Corrona – were used to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of TNFi versus non-TNFi bDMARDs and tsDMARDs as first-line treatment following csDMARD failure. Results support RA guidelines recommending individualised care based on clinical judgement and consideration of patient preference. T...

Keywords: JAK, Real World, Efficacy

June 20

Eficiência comparativa de agentes anti-fator de necrose tumoral, biológicos com um modo de ação alternativo e tofacitinib em uma coorte observacional de pacientes com artrite reumatoide na Suíça

Finckh A, Tellenbach C, Herzog L, Scherer A, Moeller B, Ciurea A, von Muehlenen I, Gabay C, Kyburz D, Brulhart L, Müller R, Hasler P, Zufferey P.
RMD Open 2020;6:e001174 doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2020-001174

This nested cohort study found that, in Switzerland, there was a generally limited overall drug maintenance for b/tsDMARD options in RA. Using data from SCQM-RA – a prospective longitudinal registry, overall maintenance (drug survival) was calculated for TNFi, bDMARD-OMA or JAKi in patients with RA. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, there was a higher hazard of drug discontinuation with TNFi compared with tofacitinib; no significant difference was observed between non-TNF ...

Keywords: Cytokine Signalling, Real World, Efficacy

Translated by: Igor Kos

May 20

Análise Integrada de Segurança de Tofacitinib em Artrite Psoriásica em Estudos de Fase 3 e de Extensão a Longo Prazo e Comparação com Dados Observacionais de Mundo Real

Burmester GR, Curtis JR, Yun H, FitzGerald O, Winthrop KL, Azevedo VF, Rigby WFC, Kanik KS, Wang C, Biswas P, Jones T, Palmetto N, Hendrikx T, Menon S, Rojo R.
Drug Saf. 2020;43:379-392

Patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) had similar safety profile with TOF to that of other systemic therapies in real-world settings, except for the known risk of HZ. Treatment recommendations from EULAR and GRAPPA for patients with PsA vary according to adverse prognostic risk factors, disease manifestations and responsiveness to prior treatment. Safety concerns for most PsA therapies include gastrointestinal AEs, hepatotoxicity, opportunistic infections (OIs) including TB, and SIEs. This s...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Real World, Safety

Translated by: Igor Koz

April 20

Vasculite IgA como Efeito Adverso de Tofactinib em Artrite Reumatoide

Itoh I, Kasuno K, Yamamoto C, Takahashi N, Shimizu H, Ojima T, Hayashi S, Kimura H, Iwano M.
Intern Med. 2020;59(6):817-821

Nephrotoxicity is a key side effect of NSAIDs and DMARDs used to treat RA, while biologics can reportedly cause proliferative glomerulonephritis or crescentic glomerulonephritis. This report reviews a patient on TOF presenting IgA vasculitis as an adverse effect that fully resolved following termination of TOF. Drug induced IgA vasculitis has been previously described for anti-TNFɑ therapies, but this is the first report with JAK inhibitor therapy. This is a case report of a 67-year old woman w...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Real World, Safety

Translated by: Igor Koz

March 20

Exposição a Baricitinib Durante a Gravidez em Artrite Reumatóide

Costanzo G, Firinu D, Losa F, Deidda M, Barca MP, Del Giacco S.
Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis. 2020;12:1759720X19899296

Broad and focused studies are required to have an insight of safety for small molecules, such as JAK inhibitors in the case of accidental exposure before or during pregnancy. This case study’s objective describes a case report of a 43-year-old woman affected by RA who became pregnant during BARI treatment. She has had two previous pregnancies at term without complications. After failure of bDMARDs due to loss of efficacy and adverse drug reactions, the patient was started on BARI when i...

Keywords: JAK, Baricitinib, Real World, Safety

Translated by: Igor Koz

October 19

Fatores de Risco para Eventos Cardiovasculares Maiores em Estudos de Extensão a Longo Prazo e de Fase III de Tofacitinib em Pacientes com Artrite Reumatoide

Christina Charles-Schoeman, Ryan DeMasi, Hernan Valdez, Koshika Soma, Lie-Ju Hwang, Mary G Boy, Pinaki Biswas, Iain B McInnes.
Arthritis Rheumatol .2019 Sep;71(9):1450-1459. doi: 10.1002/art.40911. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

Post hoc analyses of the six ORAL studies and two LTE’s suggested that after 24 weeks of TOF treatment, increases in HDL-c and decreases in the TC/HDL-c ratio appeared to be associated with reduced future MACE risk in RA patients. 52 MACE occurred in 4076 patients over 12873 patient-years of exposure. Separate Cox regression models were used to evaluate traditional CV risk factors’ association with time to first MACE at baseline and changes in lipid levels with time to future MACE ...

Keywords: JAK, Tofacitinib, Real World, Cardiovascular

Translated by: Igor Koz

February 19

Risco de Infecção Grave em Pacientes com Artrite Reumatóide em Cuidados de Rotina com Abatacept, Rituximab e Tocilizumab na Dinamarca e na Suécia

Grøn KL, Arkema EV, Glintborg B, Mehnert F, Østergaard M, Dreyer L, Nørgaard M, Krogh NS, Askling J, Hetland ML, ARTIS Study Group.
Ann Rheum Dis. 2019 Mar;78(3):320-327. DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2018-214326

Differences in baseline characteristics and numerical differences in IR of SI between ABA, RRTX and TOZ were observed. The relative risk (RR) of SIs seemed to vary modestly with drug. TNFi treated RA patients in large observational studies have suggested an initial twofold increased risk of SIs compared with biologic-naïve patients. Long-term observational studies on the risk of SIs in patients treated with non-TNFi bDMARDs are sparse. This study aimed to estimate crude as well as age and...

Keywords: IL-6, Tocilizumab, Real World, Infections

May 15

Evaluation of the effect of tofacitinib on measured glomerular filtration rate in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis: results from a randomised controlled trial

Kremer JM, Kivitz AJ, Simon-Campos JA, Nasonov EL, Tony HP, Lee SK, Vlahos B, Hammond C, Bukowski J, Li H, Schulman SL, Raber S, Zuckerman A, Isaacs JD.
Arthritis Res Ther. 2015 Apr 6;17(1):95.

Mean increases from baseline in patient serum creatinine (SCr) levels have been observed in the clinical development programme for the JAK inhibitor tofacitinib. These increases predominantly occurred within the first three months, and reversed with tofacitinib withdrawal. This phase 1, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, 2-period study assessed changes in measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) with tofacitinib, relative to placebo, in 148 patients with active RA. Results sh...