Effect of Secukinumab on Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Inflammatory Biomarkers: Post Hoc Analyses of Pooled Data Across Three Indications

Rheumatol Ther. 2022 doi: 10.1007/s40744-022-00434-z

Merola and colleagues demonstrated a rapid and sustained reduction in hsCRP and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with IMIDs with a high systemic inflammatory burden treated with secukinumab.

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Drug survival of biologics and novel immunomodulators for rheumatoid arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and psoriasis – A nationwide cohort study from the DANBIO and DERMBIO registries

Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2022 doi: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2022.151979

The authors reviewed drug survival of therapies across common inflammatory skin and joint conditions from national registries.  The findings highlighted that despite the overlapping pathogenesis of these conditions there was little similarity in drug survival. This reinforces the need for an individualised treatment approach consistent with the underlying disease, patient profile and treatment history.

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Treatment of axial spondyloarthritis: an update

Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2022 doi: 10.1038/s41584-022-00761-z

In this review Danve and Deodhar report an update on modern axSpa treatment. They found that in the past two decades substantial progress in the diagnosis and management of axSpA has been witnessed. Whilst ASAS classification criteria have enabled earlier diagnosis the increased availability of novel therapies, evolving drug safety data and novel clinical trials have allowed clinicians to rethink the placement and timing of drugs in disease management.

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Safety Profile of Upadacitinib up to 3 Years in Psoriatic Arthritis: An Integrated Analysis of Two Pivotal Phase 3 Trials

Rheumatol Ther. 2022 doi: 10.1007/s40744-021-00410-z

Upadacitinib 15 mg once daily demonstrated a similar safety profile to adalimumab 40 mg every other week, except for higher rates of HZ and opportunistic infections with upadacitinib treatment in patients treated for PsA

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Immune‑related adverse events (irAEs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients treated with interleukin (IL)‑17 inhibitors: a systematic review and meta‑analysis

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35188599/ doi: 10.1007/s10787-022-00933-z

The most common immune system-related AEs in patients treated with IL-17 inhibitors are mucosal and opportunistic infections.

Interleukin (IL)-17 inhibitors are a series of biological drugs used to treat a number of conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, a disease characterised by immune system dysregulation and joint inflammation. Azadeh, et al. aimed to assess the risk of immune system-related AEs due to targeting IL-17 or IL-17R.

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Achieving pain control in early rheumatoid arthritis with baricitinib monotherapy or in combination with methotrexate versus methotrexate monotherapy

RMD Open. 2022;8(1):e001994 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2021-001994

Post hoc analysis of the RA-BEGIN trial finds that, over a one-year period, patients treated with baricitinib (monotherapy or in combination with methotrexate [MTX]) report greater pain relief and a more rapid attainment of clinically meaningful thresholds of pain improvement, than patients who receive MTX monotherapy.Often overlooked, when treating RA solely to a disease activity target, patient-reported pain is common in RA, even in those reaching inflammatory remission. The fact that pain per...

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Oral surveillance and JAK inhibitor safety: the theory of relativity

Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2022. Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1038/s41584-022-00767-7

Putting the data into context, Winthrop, et al. conclude that the ORAL Surveillance data are not dissimilar to those from the original developmental programme, which suggested additional safety concerns at the 10 mg dosage and that resulted in the 5 mg twice daily dosage as the approved dose for RA.Following the recent results of the ORAL Surveillance (ORALSURV) study, and the consequent changes to the utilisation of JAKinibs, made by the regulatory authorities, Winthrop, et al. aim to put the O...

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Evaluation of response to 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving upadacitinib: results from a phase 2 open-label extension study

RMD Open. 2022;8(1):e002110 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2021-002110

Vaccine sub-study of the BALANCE-EXTEND upadacitinib trial finds that approximately two-thirds of patients receiving upadacitinib 15 mg once-daily achieve a satisfactory humoral response to pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate (PCV-13) vaccine, despite receiving concomitant methotrexate (MTX).It is well known that a weakened immune response, comorbidities and immunosuppressant drug therapy all contribute to an increased susceptibility to infections in patients with RA. Likewise, the morbidity and mo...

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The effect of secukinumab on patient-reported outcomes in patients with active psoriatic arthritis in a randomised phase 3 trial

Lancet. 2022. Epub ahead of print

Predefined analysis of FUTURE 5, the largest Phase 3 randomised trial of secukinumab in patients with PsA to date, demonstrates that secukinumab results in early, statistically significant, clinically meaningful, sustained improvements in PROs across all doses, compared with placebo.The fully human anti-interleukin 17A monoclonal antibody, secukinumab has shown clinical and radiographical efficacy in patients with PsA, yet the clinical significance of improvements across a wide variety of PROs r...

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Baricitinib further enhances disease-modifying effects by uncoupling the link between disease activity and joint structural progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Ann Rheum Dis. 2022. Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221323

Baricitinib reduces structural damage progression versus placebo with background MTX and/or MTX, even in patients with moderate or high disease activity.In patients with RA, TNFi, IL-6i and rituximab have been shown to uncouple the link between disease activity and radiographic progression such that patients are protected from structural damage progression even if remission/low disease activity is not achieved.As such, Lopez-Romero, et al. aimed to evaluate if baricitinib further enhances diseas...

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