Post-Approval Comparative Safety Study of Tofacitinib and Biological Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs: 5-Year Results from a United States–Based Rheumatoid Arthritis Registry

ACR Open Rheumatol. 2021 Feb 11.

Analysis from the US Corrona RA registry has provided the longest-term real-world safety data for a JAK inhibitor to date. The analysis showed that the cohorts had similar adverse events, except for higher herpes zoster rates for tofacitinib initiators vs bDMARDs.Kremer JM, et al. analysed adult patients with RA newly initiating tofacitinib, or a bDMARD, to compare incidence rates of MACE, SIEs, HZ, malignancies and death. VTE data were also collected prospectively and assessed descriptively thr...

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Which Patient-reported Outcomes do Rheumatology Patients Find Important to Track Digitally? A Real-world Longitudinal Study in Arthritis Power

Arthritis Res Ther. 2021;23(1):53.

Fatigue, physical function, pain, and morning joint stiffness are the most important PROs to track, according to the rheumatology patients who experience these symptoms. Increasingly used, alongside clinical measures, to track symptoms and assess disease activity over time, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are also important indicators of quality of life and treatment effectiveness. To enable us to better understand which PROs patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease consider most imp...

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Filgotinib in combination with methotrexate or as monotherapy versus methotrexate monotherapy in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis and limited or no prior exposure to methotrexate: the phase 3, randomised controlled FINCH 3 trial

Ann Rheum Dis. 2021 Jan 15:annrheumdis-2020-219213.

Filgotinib doses in combination with MTX have shown improved signs, symptoms and physical function in patients with RA and limited or no prior MTX exposure. FIL 200mg monotherapy did not have a superior ACR20 response rate versus MTX. This 52-week, phase 3 study evaluated FIL in 1252 patients with RA. Patients were randomised to FIL 200mg + MTX or FIL 100mg + MTX, FIL 200 mg monotherapy, or MTX monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the proportion patients achieving ACR20 at week 24. Safety was e...

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Upadacitinib Monotherapy Versus Methotrexate Monotherapy in Methotrexate-naïve Japanese Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Sub-analysis of The Phase 3 SELECT-EARLY study

Mod Rheumatol 2021;26:1–16.

In this sub-analysis of the Phase 3 SELECT-EARLY study, UPA demonstrated clinical efficacy superior to placebo in the Japanese subpopulation. Along with a favourable efficacy observed with the Japan-specific 7.5 mg dose of UPA for all secondary endpoints. SELECT-EARLY was designed to study the safety and efficacy of UPA 15 and 30mg as monotherapy, but it also included a subset of 138 Japanese patients, 40% of whom were randomised to receive UPA 7.5mg. This was designed to meet the requirements o...

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Diminished cytokine-induced Jak/STAT signaling is associated with rheumatoid arthritis and disease activity

PLoS ONE 2021;16(1):e0244187

This analysis provides evidence that immune cell signalling pathways are important in RA. There were consistent differences between RA patients and healthy controls in IFNα, IL-6, IL-10 and GM-CSF+ IL-2 induced JAK/STAT signalling in multiple immune cell subsets.We know that RA is characterised by dysregulation of immune responses, but the exact cause is unknown. Recently, single-cell transcriptomics and mass cytometry confirmed the critical role of activated immune cells and fibroblasts, increa...

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The JAK/STAT Pathway: A Focus on Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2021 Feb;51(1):278-284

Many cytokines associated with RA pathogenesis and pain are affected directly or indirectly by the JAK/STAT pathway, therapeutic targeting may offer promise. Having better understanding of these mechanisms can help clinicians make treatment decisions that optimise the control of inflammation and pain. However, pain in patients with RA is complex and involves multiple driving mechanisms that may differentially occur over time in different people. Although one known constant is that nociceptive ac...

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Baricitinib Inhibits Structural Joint Damage Progression in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis – A Comprehensive Review

Arthritis Res Ther 2021;23(1):3.

MRI studies have shown that BARI reduces joint inflammation and damage in patients with moderate-to-severe active RA. This review summarises the effects of BARI on structural joint damage progression and the mechanisms underlying these effects, using MRI data from across the clinical trial program. Early preclinical animal models showed a significant reduction in joint inflammation, ankle width, and bone resorption. Efficacy and safety of BARI have been confirmed in an extensive programme, inclu...

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Filgotinib Versus Placebo or Adalimumab in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Methotrexate: A Phase III Randomised Clinical Trial

Ann Rheum Dis. 2021 Jan 27:annrheumdis-2020-219214

Filgotinib improved RA signs and symptoms, physical function, and inhibited radiographic progression. FIL 200mg plus MTX, but not FIL 100mg plus MTX showed non-inferiority to ADA plus MTX, based on DAS28(CRP) low disease activity. FIL was also well tolerated in RA patients with inadequate response to MTX.This 52-week, phase 3 randomised clinical trial (FINCH 1) evaluated the efficacy and safety of FIL in patients with RA randomised to FIL 200 or 100mg, ADA 40mg, or placebo, all with background M...

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Upadacitinib for psoriatic arthritis refractory to biologics: SELECT-PsA 2

Annals of the rheumatic diseases. 2021 Mar 1;80(3):312-20.

In this trial of patients with active PsA who had inadequate response or intolerance to at least one biologic DMARD, upadacitinib 15 mg and 30 mg was more effective than placebo over 24 weeks in improving signs and symptoms of PsA. Despite the availability of bDMARDs in PsA, only a small proportion of patients achieve the recommended target of minimal disease activity; as such, additional treatment options are needed. Upadacitinib is under evaluation for PsA. This paper reports the 24-week data ...

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