Upadacitinib in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Biologics: 3-year Results from the Open-Label Extension of the Randomised Controlled Phase 3 SELECT-PsA 2 Study
Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/8l7bbk. Epub ahead of print
Data from this open-label extension showed the efficacy of upadacitinib observed at 56 weeks was maintained through to 152 weeks in the treatment of patients with PsA. No cumulative adverse effects were observed, and no new safety signals were identified.
Gender-specific Differences in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis Receiving Ustekinumab or Tumour Necrosis Factor Inhibitor: Real-world Data
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2023 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kead089
These real-world data from PsABio on gender differences suggest that, at the start of biologic treatment, females have a worse clinical picture of PsA than males. In coming to these conclusions and others, this study sought to investigate effects of gender on disease characteristics and treatment impact in patients with PsA.
Clinical Efficacy of Alternative TNF Inhibitor and Secukinumab Between Primary Non-responder and Secondary Non-responder of Prior TNF Inhibitor in Ankylosing Spondylitis
Mod Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1093/mr/roac005
This study demonstrated comparable drug retention between AS patients treated with alternative TNFi and secukinumab after failing to respond to prior TNFi therapy. The objective of this study was to compare the drug retention times and clinical efficacy of alternative TNFi and secukinumab in primary and secondary
non-responders with AS.
Risk of Hospitalization for Serious Infection After Initiation of Ustekinumab or Other Biologics in Patients with Psoriasis or Psoriatic Arthritis
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2022 doi: 10.1002/acr.24630
In this investigation it was concluded that other biologics and apremilast were associated with a 1.4- to 3-times higher risk of hospitalisation for serious infections in PsO/PsA patients when compared to ustekinumab. These findings should be considered in the safety profile of these therapies when selecting appropriate treatment regimens in patients with PsO/PsA.
Certolizumab Pegol Efficacy in Patients with Non-Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis Stratified by Baseline MRI and C-Reactive Protein Status: An Analysis From the C-axSp And Study
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2022 doi: 10.1002/acr2.11469
The results of this analysis indicated that certolizumab pegol (CZP) treatment benefits patients with nr-axSpA across all the MRI/CRP subgroups studied. To reach this conclusion, this study evaluated clinical responses to CZP in patients with nr-axSpA stratified by baseline MRI/CRP status.
Persistence and Effectiveness of the IL-12/23 Pathway Inhibitor Ustekinumab or Tumour Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Treatment in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: 1-year Results From the Real-world PsABio Study
Ann Rheum Dis 2022 doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221640
Many RCTs have demonstrated efficacy and safety of biologics in PsA. However, long term comparative real world data is lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the real-world effectiveness and persistence of the IL-12/23 inhibitor ustekinumab or a TNFi for PsA 1 year post initiation. As a result, they found that PS-adjusted comparisons demonstrated comparable overall persistence, effectiveness and safety for both modes of action in PsA.
Comparison of drug retention of TNF inhibitors, other biologics and JAK inhibitors in RA patients who discontinued JAK inhibitor therapy
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2022 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac285
Real-world population-based study shows that a switch to a second JAKinib results in a higher drug retention, as compared to switching to a TNFi, in patients with RA who discontinue original JAKinib therapy.
Risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients initiating biologics/apremilast for psoriatic arthritis: a nationwide cohort study
Pina Vegas and her colleagues sought to assess the relative risk of MACEs in patients with PsA initiating bDMARDs or apremilast. They found that overall, the data produced overall a positive picture regarding the incidence of MACE in treatment.
Drug survival of biologics and novel immunomodulators for rheumatoid arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and psoriasis – A nationwide cohort study from the DANBIO and DERMBIO registries
Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2022 doi: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2022.151979
The authors reviewed drug survival of therapies across common inflammatory skin and joint conditions from national registries. The findings highlighted that despite the overlapping pathogenesis of these conditions there was little similarity in drug survival. This reinforces the need for an individualised treatment approach consistent with the underlying disease, patient profile and treatment history.
Please click the links below to go to the CSF review of each paperI’m sure we’d all hoped that this year would be a return to normal but, in the midst of the challenges we’ve faced with COVID-19, the rheumatology community has continued to deliver excellent publications, and we’ve covered many of these on the CSF. Here are my highlights from 2021's publications: Points to Consider for the Treatment of Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases With Janus Kinase Inhibitors: A Co...