Therapy with JAK Inhibitors or bDMARDs and the Risk of Cardiovascular Events in the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Population
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead531 Epub ahead of print
Popa, et al. compared the incidence of CV events between JAKi and bDMARD therapies in a large RA population, and found no significant difference in CV risk between the treatment groups. They also compared CV risk between baricitinib-treated and tofacitinib-treated patients and found no significant difference.
Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated with Conventional Synthetic, Biologic and Targeted Synthetic Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Drugs: Observational Data from the German RABBIT Register
This study by Meissner, et al. estimated the effects of JAKi, TNFi, bDMARDs and csDMARDs on the risk of MACE in RA patients. The authors found no significant difference in MACE risk by treatment group, even among patients at increased CV risk.
Anti-GM-CSF Otilimab Versus Tofacitinib or Placebo in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis and an Inadequate Response to Conventional or Biologic DMARDs: Two Phase 3 Randomised Trials (contRAst 1 and contRAst 2)
Ann Rheum Dis 2023;0:1–11 doi 10.1136/ard-2023-224482
Fleischmann, et al investigated the safety and efficacy of otilimab versus tofacitinib and placebo in RA patients treated with MTX (contRAst 1) or csDMARDs (contRAst 2). They found that while otilimab achieved the primary endpoint of ACR20 versus placebo in Week 12, it did not demonstrate non-inferiority to tofacitinib.
Bimekizumab Treatment in Biologic DMARD-Naïve Patients with Active Psoriatic Arthritis: 52-Week Efficacy and Safety Results from the Phase III, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Active Reference BE OPTIMAL Study
Ann Rheum Dis. 2023 doi: 10.1136/ard-2023-224431. Epub ahead of print
Data from this phase 3 RCT demonstrated that the efficacy of bimekizumab observed at 16 weeks remained consistent through to 52 weeks in the treatment of bDMARD-naïve patients with PsA. Patients who started the trial on placebo and switched to bimekizumab at week 16 showed similar improvements to those patients who were randomised to receive bimekizumab at the start of the trail. No new safety signals were identified.
Treatment with Upadacitinib in Active Psoriatic Arthritis: Efficacy and Safety Data of the First 192 Patients from the UPJOINT Study, a Multicentre, Observational Study in Clinical Practice
Rheumatol Ther. 2023 doi: 10.1007/s40744-023-00589-3. Epub ahead of print
In the UPJOINT open label study, the proportion of patients with PsA, and an inadequate response to csDMARDs or bDMARDs, who achieved minimal disease activity with upadacitinib was in line with the results of previous studies at 24 weeks. No new safety signals were identified.
The Risk and Predictors of Malignancies in Ankylosing Spondylitis Patients in Israel—A Retrospective Electronic Data-Based Study
J Clin Med. 2023;12(15):5153 doi: 10.3390/jcm12155153
Findings from a retrospective electronic data-based study, assessing risk of overall and site-specific malignancies for AS patients in Israel, emphasize the importance of maintaining the routine observation of patients with AS to identify the early development of cancer.
The 2023 Pipeline of Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) in Clinical Development for Spondyloarthritis (including psoriatic arthritis): a Systematic Review of Trials
RMD Open. 2023;9(3):e003279 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003279 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37507210/
This systematic review identified DMARDs evaluated for axSpA and PsA, distinguishing between csDMARDs, tsDMARDs, and bDMARDs. The review pinpointed twenty-six distinct targeted therapies currently in clinical development; 18 therapies for axSpA and 15 therapies for PsA.
Post Hoc Analysis of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Under Clinical Remission in Two Japanese Phase 3 Trials of Peficitinib Treatment (RAJ3 and RAJ4)
Mod Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1093/mr/road059 Epub ahead of print
Pots hoc analysis of peficitinib phase 3 trials shows that continued treatment with peficitinib up to Week 52 is linked to improved remission rates in Asian patients with RA.
Tofacitinib versus Methotrexate as the First-line Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Drugs in the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Open-label Randomized Controlled Trial
doi: 10.1111/1756-185X.14801 Epub ahead of print
This single-centre study by Khan, et al. suggests that high-dose methotrexate (25 mg/week, subcutaneously) may be as efficacious as tofacitinib in patients with established RA who are DMARD naïve or have not received a therapeutic dose of DMARDs.
Effect of Body Mass Index on Treatment Response of Biologic/ Targeted-Synthetic DMARDs in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis or Axial Spondyloarthritis. A Systematic Review
Autoimmunity Reviews 22 (2023) 103357
The study demonstrated that obesity is a factor that could play a role in treatment decision-making in people living with inflammatory arthritis (IA). It appears that efficacy of TNFi is affected by patients’ weight/BMI in all forms of IA, while this is not the case for TCZ and ABA in RA, as well for IL-17 and IL-23 inhibitors in PsA.