Therapy with JAK Inhibitors or bDMARDs and the Risk of Cardiovascular Events in the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Population
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead531 Epub ahead of print
Popa, et al. compared the incidence of CV events between JAKi and bDMARD therapies in a large RA population, and found no significant difference in CV risk between the treatment groups. They also compared CV risk between baricitinib-treated and tofacitinib-treated patients and found no significant difference.
Gender-specific Differences in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis Receiving Ustekinumab or Tumour Necrosis Factor Inhibitor: Real-world Data
Rheumatology (Oxford) doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kead089.
Real-world data from the PsABio study indicated that females with PsA had more severe disease than males before the initiation of treatment. While both genders experienced treatment related improvements, fewer females than males were able to achieve a favourable disease state within 12 months. Treatment discontinuation and switching were also higher in females than males, due to lower efficacy and adverse events.
Long-term Safety of Guselkumab in Patients with Psoriatic Disease: An Integrated Analysis of Eleven Phase II/III Clinical Studies in Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis
Drug Saf. 2023 doi:10.1007/s40264-023-01361-w. Epub ahead of print
Data gathered from 11 phase 2 and phase 3 trials have shown that guselkumab has a favourable safety profile in treating psoriatic disease. The data were gathered from 4399 patients over 10787 patient years. In the placebo-controlled periods, guselkumab showed a similar safety profile to placebo, and this remained consistent and stable in the non-placebo controlled preiods.
Guselkumab Modulates Differentially Expressed Genes in Blood of Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: Results from Two Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trials
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1002/acr2.11589
Whole blood transcriptome profiling reveals differential gene expression in patients with active PsA from the DISCOVER-1 and DISCOVER-2 clinical studies in comparison with healthy controls.
Post-Marketing Safety Surveillance of Tofacitinib over 9 Years in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatol Ther. 2023 doi: 10.1007/s40744-023-00576-8 Epub ahead of print
The data gathered in this post-marketing surveillance study aligned with the previously established safety profile of tofacitinib, and reports were found to have consistent safety profiles in the treatment of both patient with PsA and RA. However, the results of this study should be interpreted considering the limitations of post-marketing surveillance studies.
Do Fatty Lesions Explain the Effect of Inflammation on New Syndesmophytes in Patients with Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis? Results From the SIAS Cohort and ASSERT Trial
RMD Open. 2023 9(3):e003118 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003118
This study concluded that, in r-axSpA, vertebral corner inflammation may lead to syndesmophyte formation but in a minority of cases via visible fat deposition. Here, investigators aimed to determine how much of the effect of vertebral corner inflammation on the development of syndesmophytes is explained by vertebral corner fat deposition.
Secukinumab Improves Physical Function and Quality of Life and Inhibits Structural Damage in Patients with PsA with Sustained Remission or Low Disease Activity: Results From the 2-year Phase 3 FUTURE 5 Study
RMD Open 2023;9:e002939 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2022-002939
Results from the 2-year phase 3 study FUTURE 5 show that the majority of patients with PsA who are treated with secukinumab were able to achieve sustained low disease activity or remission by week 104.
Incidence of Interstitial Lung Disease in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated With Biologic and Targeted Synthetic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs
JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6(3):e233640 doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.3640
Retrospective cohort study results suggest that treatment with tofacitinib, and perhaps other JAK inhibitors, may provide a benefit in reducing the risk of developing RA-Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD).
Multidomain Efficacy and Safety of Guselkumab Through 1 Year in Patients with Active Psoriatic Arthritis with and Without Prior Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Experience: Analysis of the Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled DISCOVER-1 Study
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1002/acr2.11523
TNF inhibitors (TNFi) are one main mode of therapy in patients with PsA who fail to respond to csDMARDs. However, they have a primary treatment failure rate of 40% and only a modest target of ≥20% ACR20 response. The objective of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of guselkumab, interleukin-23 inhibitor in the DISCOVER-1 study with active PsA patients by prior use of TNFi.
Clinical Efficacy of Alternative TNF Inhibitor and Secukinumab Between Primary Non-responder and Secondary Non-responder of Prior TNF Inhibitor in Ankylosing Spondylitis
Mod Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1093/mr/roac005
This study demonstrated comparable drug retention between AS patients treated with alternative TNFi and secukinumab after failing to respond to prior TNFi therapy. The objective of this study was to compare the drug retention times and clinical efficacy of alternative TNFi and secukinumab in primary and secondary
non-responders with AS.