Risk of Hospitalization for Serious Infection After Initiation of Ustekinumab or Other Biologics in Patients with Psoriasis or Psoriatic Arthritis
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2022 doi: 10.1002/acr.24630
In this investigation it was concluded that other biologics and apremilast were associated with a 1.4- to 3-times higher risk of hospitalisation for serious infections in PsO/PsA patients when compared to ustekinumab. These findings should be considered in the safety profile of these therapies when selecting appropriate treatment regimens in patients with PsO/PsA.
The Incidence of Opportunistic Infections in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis Treated with Biologic and Targeted Synthetic Agents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Front Pharmacol 2022;13:992713 doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.992713
This is the largest meta-analysis to date, assessing the risk of OIs (Opportunistic infection) in patients with PsA. In coming to this conclusion, a systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to estimate the incidence of OIs following treatment with b- and tsDMARDs.
Infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving tofacitinib versus tumour necrosis factor inhibitors: results from the open-label, randomised controlled ORAL Surveillance trial
Post hoc analysis, using the final dataset from ORAL Surveillance, reveals a higher risk of non-serious infections and herpes zoster with tofacitinib vs TNFi, and higher risk of serious infection events with tofacitinib 10 mg BID versus TNFi, particularly in patients aged ≥65 years.
Is the Risk of Infection Higher During Treatment with Secukinumab than with TNF-inhibitors? An Observational Study from the Nordic Countries
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2022 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac358
Glintborg B et al, highlight in their recent research from the Nordic countries, that there is a low frequency of hospitalised infections during treatment with secukinumab or TNFi in patients with SpA and PsA. In clinical practice, secukinumab was found to double absolute risk of 1st year hospitalised infection compared with adalimumab, with the other TNFi treatments falling in between.
Identification of novel off targets of baricitinib and tofacitinib by machine learning with a focus on thrombosis and viral infection
Sci Rep. 2022 doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-11879-1
Established machine learning approaches, based on ligand similarity, identified previously unknown off-target interactions of baricitinib and tofacitinib, and adds to the evidence that these JAK inhibitors are promiscuous binders, and highlight the potential for repurposing.
Unincreased risk of hospitalized infection under targeted therapies versus methotrexate in elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a retrospective cohort study
Arthritis Res Ther. 2022 doi: 10.1186/s13075-022-02807-9
Retrospective, longitudinal, population-based study shows that despite an overall higher incidence of hospitalised infection (HI) in both elderly and older elderly patients compared to young patients, the risks of HI in patients exposed to targeted therapy versus MTX is not significantly increased.
Safety Profile of Upadacitinib up to 3 Years in Psoriatic Arthritis: An Integrated Analysis of Two Pivotal Phase 3 Trials
Rheumatol Ther. 2022 doi: 10.1007/s40744-021-00410-z
Upadacitinib 15 mg once daily demonstrated a similar safety profile to adalimumab 40 mg every other week, except for higher rates of HZ and opportunistic infections with upadacitinib treatment in patients treated for PsA
Immune‑related adverse events (irAEs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients treated with interleukin (IL)‑17 inhibitors: a systematic review and meta‑analysis
Inflammopharmacology. 2022, Apr;30(2):435-451. doi: 10.1007/s10787-022-00933-z
The most common immune system-related AEs in patients treated with IL-17 inhibitors are mucosal and opportunistic infections.
Interleukin (IL)-17 inhibitors are a series of biological drugs used to treat a number of conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, a disease characterised by immune system dysregulation and joint inflammation. Azadeh, et al. aimed to assess the risk of immune system-related AEs due to targeting IL-17 or IL-17R.
Evaluation of response to 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving upadacitinib: results from a phase 2 open-label extension study
RMD Open. 2022;8(1):e002110 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2021-002110Vaccine sub-study of the BALANCE-EXTEND upadacitinib trial finds that approximately two-thirds of patients receiving upadacitinib 15 mg once-daily achieve a satisfactory humoral response to pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate (PCV-13) vaccine, despite receiving concomitant methotrexate (MTX).It is well known that a weakened immune response, comorbidities and immunosuppressant drug therapy all contribute to an increased susceptibility to infections in patients with RA. Likewise, the morbidity and mo...
Clinical Management of Herpes Zoster in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis or Psoriatic Arthritis Receiving Tofacitinib Treatment
Rheumatol Ther. 2021. Epub ahead of print. doi: 10.1007/s40744-021-00390-0This post hoc analysis provides the first detailed description of the management and outcomes of HZ events in tofacitinib RA and PsA clinical studies.While prior studies have characterised the increased HZ risk with JAKinibs, the clinical management of these events has not been detailed.To this end, Winthrop, et al. analysed data from 21 RA and 3 PsA clinical studies to evaluate how HZ events and their sequelae were clinically managed during the RA and PsA tofacitinib clinical development progra...