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Showing 60 results for “Infections”.

January 2023

Influenza Adverse Events in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ulcerative Colitis, or Psoriatic Arthritis in the Tofacitinib Clinical Development Programs

Rheumatol Ther. 2022. Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1007/s40744-022-00507-z

This post-hoc analysis of 31 clinical trials in ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis concludes that combined influenza adverse event incidence rates were highest in ulcerative colitis, while in each indication they were generally similar across tofacitinib, placebo, and comparator groups.

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December 2022

Evaluation of VTE, MACE, and Serious Infections Among Patients with RA Treated with Baricitinib Compared to TNFi: A Multi-Database Study of Patients in Routine Care Using Disease Registries and Claims Databases

Rheumatol Ther. 2022. Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1007/s40744-022-00505-1

Salinas, et al. evaluate baricitinib safety with respect to VTE, MACE, and serious infection relative to TNFi in patients with RA, in routine care and observe an increased risk of VTE in patients taking baricitinib, compared to TNFi.

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November 2022

Risk of Hospitalization for Serious Infection After Initiation of Ustekinumab or Other Biologics in Patients with Psoriasis or Psoriatic Arthritis

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2022 doi: 10.1002/acr.24630

In this investigation it was concluded that other biologics and apremilast were associated with a 1.4- to 3-times higher risk of hospitalisation for serious infections in PsO/PsA patients when compared to ustekinumab. These findings should be considered in the safety profile of these therapies when selecting appropriate treatment regimens in patients with PsO/PsA.

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The Incidence of Opportunistic Infections in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis Treated with Biologic and Targeted Synthetic Agents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Front Pharmacol 2022;13:992713 doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.992713

This is the largest meta-analysis to date, assessing the risk of OIs (Opportunistic infection) in patients with PsA. In coming to this conclusion, a systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to estimate the incidence of OIs following treatment with b- and tsDMARDs.

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September 2022

Infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving tofacitinib versus tumour necrosis factor inhibitors: results from the open-label, randomised controlled ORAL Surveillance trial

doi: 10.1136/ard-2022-222405

Post hoc analysis, using the final dataset from ORAL Surveillance, reveals a higher risk of non-serious infections and herpes zoster with tofacitinib vs TNFi, and higher risk of serious infection events with tofacitinib 10 mg BID versus TNFi, particularly in patients aged ≥65 years.

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July 2022

Is the Risk of Infection Higher During Treatment with Secukinumab than with TNF-inhibitors? An Observational Study from the Nordic Countries

Rheumatology (Oxford). 2022 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac358

Glintborg B et al, highlight in their recent research from the Nordic countries, that there is a low frequency of hospitalised infections during treatment with secukinumab or TNFi in patients with SpA and PsA. In clinical practice, secukinumab was found to double absolute risk of 1st year hospitalised infection compared with adalimumab, with the other TNFi treatments falling in between.

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May 2022

Safety Profile of Upadacitinib up to 3 Years in Psoriatic Arthritis: An Integrated Analysis of Two Pivotal Phase 3 Trials

Rheumatol Ther. 2022 doi: 10.1007/s40744-021-00410-z

Upadacitinib 15 mg once daily demonstrated a similar safety profile to adalimumab 40 mg every other week, except for higher rates of HZ and opportunistic infections with upadacitinib treatment in patients treated for PsA

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Immune‑related adverse events (irAEs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients treated with interleukin (IL)‑17 inhibitors: a systematic review and meta‑analysis

Inflammopharmacology. 2022, Apr;30(2):435-451. doi: 10.1007/s10787-022-00933-z

The most common immune system-related AEs in patients treated with IL-17 inhibitors are mucosal and opportunistic infections.

Interleukin (IL)-17 inhibitors are a series of biological drugs used to treat a number of conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, a disease characterised by immune system dysregulation and joint inflammation. Azadeh, et al. aimed to assess the risk of immune system-related AEs due to targeting IL-17 or IL-17R.

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April 2022

Evaluation of response to 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving upadacitinib: results from a phase 2 open-label extension study

RMD Open. 2022;8(1):e002110 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2021-002110

Vaccine sub-study of the BALANCE-EXTEND upadacitinib trial finds that approximately two-thirds of patients receiving upadacitinib 15 mg once-daily achieve a satisfactory humoral response to pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate (PCV-13) vaccine, despite receiving concomitant methotrexate (MTX).It is well known that a weakened immune response, comorbidities and immunosuppressant drug therapy all contribute to an increased susceptibility to infections in patients with RA. Likewise, the morbidity and mo...

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January 2022

Clinical Management of Herpes Zoster in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis or Psoriatic Arthritis Receiving Tofacitinib Treatment

Rheumatol Ther. 2021. Epub ahead of print. doi: 10.1007/s40744-021-00390-0

This post hoc analysis provides the first detailed description of the management and outcomes of HZ events in tofacitinib RA and PsA clinical studies.While prior studies have characterised the increased HZ risk with JAKinibs, the clinical management of these events has not been detailed.To this end, Winthrop, et al. analysed data from 21 RA and 3 PsA clinical studies to evaluate how HZ events and their sequelae were clinically managed during the RA and PsA tofacitinib clinical development progra...

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