The Risk and Predictors of Malignancies in Ankylosing Spondylitis Patients in Israel—A Retrospective Electronic Data-Based Study
J Clin Med. 2023;12(15):5153 doi: 10.3390/jcm12155153
Findings from a retrospective electronic data-based study, assessing risk of overall and site-specific malignancies for AS patients in Israel, emphasize the importance of maintaining the routine observation of patients with AS to identify the early development of cancer.
Do Fatty Lesions Explain the Effect of Inflammation on New Syndesmophytes in Patients with Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis? Results From the SIAS Cohort and ASSERT Trial
RMD Open. 2023 9(3):e003118 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003118
This study concluded that, in r-axSpA, vertebral corner inflammation may lead to syndesmophyte formation but in a minority of cases via visible fat deposition. Here, investigators aimed to determine how much of the effect of vertebral corner inflammation on the development of syndesmophytes is explained by vertebral corner fat deposition.
Filgotinib Modulates Inflammation-Associated Peripheral Blood Protein Biomarkers in Adults with Active Rheumatoid Arthritis and Prior Inadequate Response to Methotrexate
Rheumatol Ther. 2023 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00583-9 Epub ahead of print
This study by Tanaka, et al. shows that filgotinib reduces peripheral protein biomarkers associated with JAK/STAT signalling, inflammatory signalling, immune cell migration, and bone resorption in RA patients. Notably, filgotinib 200 mg significantly reduced IL-6, TNF, CXCL13 levels as early as Week 4.
Tofacitinib Reduces Spinal Inflammation in Vertebral Bodies and Posterolateral Elements in Ankylosing Spondylitis: Results from a Phase 2 Trial
Rheumatol Ther. 2023 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00564-y Epub ahead of print
Tofacitinib treatment is associated with a significant improvement in CANDEN MRI scores of spinal inflammation in axSpA patients. This study by Østergaard, et al. also validates the CANDEN MRI scoring system as an approach for measuring axSpA-associated inflammatory lesions.
Pain and Inflammation as Mediators of Tofacitinib Treatment Effect on Fatigue in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Mediation Analysis
Rheumatol Ther. 2023 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00570-0 Epub ahead of print
Kristensen, et al. used mediation modelling to show that tofacitinib indirectly improved fatigue symptoms via back pain and morning stiffness. This study was carried out using FACIT-F- and BASDAI Q1-based models to determine the relationship between these variables.
Two‑Year Imaging Outcomes from a Phase 3 Randomized Trial of Secukinumab in Patients with Non‑Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis
Arthritis Res Ther. 2023;16;25(1):80 doi 10.1186/s13075-023-03051-5
Braun et al. studied a large cohort of patients with nr-axSpA, that demonstrated a secukinumab reduced SI joint inflammation (BME), this reduction was sustained over 104 weeks, from an overall low baseline level of spinal inflammation or structural damage.
Baricitinib Improves Bone Properties and Biomechanics in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis – Results of the Prospective Interventional BARE BONE Trial
Arthritis Rheumatol. 2023 doi 10.1002/art.42617 Epub ahead of print
The results from Simon, et al. show that baricitinib treatment correlates with improvements in bone stiffness. Further improvements were also observed at the end of Week 52, with an increase in estimated failure load and no measurable progression in bone erosion being reported.
Evaluation of BMS-986142, a Reversible Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, for the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Phase 2, Randomised, Double-blind, Dose-ranging, Placebo-controlled, Adaptive Design Study
Lancet Rheumatol 2023;5:e263–73 doi 10.1016/S2665-9913(23)00089-9
Investigators from a phase 2 study concluded that further investigation with BMS-986142 (a novel BTK) in people with RA is not necessary.
Selective Inhibition of the MK2 Pathway: Data From a Phase IIa Randomized Clinical Trial in Rheumatoid Arthritis
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023. doi: 10.1002/acr2.11517 Epub ahead of print
Data show that the first-in-class MK2 pathway inhibitor ATI-450 was well tolerated and induced sustained anti-inflammatory efficacy over 12 weeks in patients with moderate-to-severe RA.
Implementation of the OMERACT Psoriatic Arthritis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scoring System in a Randomized Phase IIb Study of Abatacept in Psoriatic Arthritis
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2022 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac073
In this study abatacept 30/10 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg doses were associated with greater improvements from baseline in MRI detected synovitis and tenosynovitis, respectively, compared with placebo, confirming the clinical outcomes. Indeed, inflammatory components demonstrated the greatest change from baseline.