Efficacy and Safety of Biological DMARDs: A Systematic Literature Review Informing the 2022 Update of the ASAS-EULAR Recommendations for the Management of Axial Spondyloarthritis
Ann Rheum Dis 2022; online ahead of print doi:10.1136/ard-2022-223298
New evidence supports the efficacy and safety of TNFi (originators/biosimilars) and IL-17i in r-axSpA and nr-axSpA. This systematic literature review was conducted to inform the taskforce of the 2022 update of the ASAS-EULAR recommendations.
Ann Rheum Dis 2022; online ahead of print doi:10.1136/ard-2022-223296
Since the last update in 2016, more data have become available on existing treatment options for axSpA, and particularly on IL-17i. The increasing availability of more drugs and with different modes of action raises questions around their positioning in the treatment pathway. This review sought to update the 2016 recommendations with newly available evidence.
Efficacy and Safety of Non-Pharmacological and Non-Biological Interventions: A Systematic Literature Review Informing the 2022 Update of the ASAS/EULAR Recommendations for the Management of AxSpA
Ann Rheum Dis 2022; online ahead of print doi:10.1136/ard-2022-223297
Non-pharmacological interventions are important for any rheumatic disease, but especially axSpA, where they represent the cornerstone of treatment. The aim of this study was to produce a systematic literature review on efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological and non-biological pharmacological treatments was performed.
Efficacy and Safety of Filgotinib in Patients with High Risk of Poor Prognosis Who Showed Inadequate Response to MTX: A Post Hoc Analysis of the FINCH 1 Study
Rheumatol Ther. 2022. Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1007/s40744-022-00498-x
Post hoc analysis from the FINCH 1 study highlights filgotinib as a potential beneficial treatment option for patients with RA who have had inadequate response to MTX and have high risk of disease progression and poor prognosis.
Recapture and Retreatment Rates with Ixekizumab After Withdrawal of Therapy in Patients with Axial Spondyloarthritis: Results at Week 104 From a Randomised Placebo-controlled Withdrawal Study
Ann Rheum Dis. 2022 doi: 10.1136/ard-2022-222731
The present analysis demonstrated that patients continuously treated with IXE were less likely to experience flare compared with patients receiving placebo. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recapture of response with open-label IXE retreatment at week 104 in patients with axSpA who flared after withdrawal of IXE therapy.
Filgotinib Decreases Both Vertebral Body and Posterolateral Spine Inflammation in Ankylosing Spondylitis: Results from The TORTUGA Trial
Rheumatology 2022;61:2388–2397. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keab758
Maksymowych et al., assessed the effects of filgotinib on inflammatory and structural changes at various spinal locations, based on MRI measures in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis in the TORTUGA trial. Correlations between changes in the inflammation score and clinical outcomes were also evaluated.
Impact of filgotinib on sacroiliac joint magnetic resonance imaging structural lesions at 12 weeks in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (TORTUGA trial)
Rheumatology 2022;61:2063–71 doi:10.1093/rheumatology/keab543
Maksymowych et al., carried out a post-hoc analysis to assess the effect of filgotinib on MRI measures of structural change in the SI joint in patients with active AS in the TORTUGA trial. This study evaluated lesions using SPARCC SSS definitions for erosion, backfill, fat metaplasia and ankylosis by two independent scoring readers.
Assessment of radiographic progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with tofacitinib in long-term studies
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2021;60(4):1708-1716.Long-term evaluation of tofacitinib has found limited progression of structural damage in patients with RA treated with tofacitinib for up to 5 years. Similar results were also observed for patients receiving tofacitinib monotherapy or combination therapy for up to 3 years.It is well known that inflammation in RA leads to structural damage over time, and therapies such as DMARDS have the ability to reduce inflammation whilst inhibiting the progression of structural damage. In this study, van der...
Filgotinib in combination with methotrexate or as monotherapy versus methotrexate monotherapy in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis and limited or no prior exposure to methotrexate: the phase 3, randomised controlled FINCH 3 trial
Ann Rheum Dis. 2021 Jan 15:annrheumdis-2020-219213.Filgotinib doses in combination with MTX have shown improved signs, symptoms and physical function in patients with RA and limited or no prior MTX exposure. FIL 200mg monotherapy did not have a superior ACR20 response rate versus MTX. This 52-week, phase 3 study evaluated FIL in 1252 patients with RA. Patients were randomised to FIL 200mg + MTX or FIL 100mg + MTX, FIL 200 mg monotherapy, or MTX monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the proportion patients achieving ACR20 at week 24. Safety was e...
Filgotinib Versus Placebo or Adalimumab in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Methotrexate: A Phase III Randomised Clinical Trial
Ann Rheum Dis. 2021 Jan 27:annrheumdis-2020-219214Filgotinib improved RA signs and symptoms, physical function, and inhibited radiographic progression. FIL 200mg plus MTX, but not FIL 100mg plus MTX showed non-inferiority to ADA plus MTX, based on DAS28(CRP) low disease activity. FIL was also well tolerated in RA patients with inadequate response to MTX.This 52-week, phase 3 randomised clinical trial (FINCH 1) evaluated the efficacy and safety of FIL in patients with RA randomised to FIL 200 or 100mg, ADA 40mg, or placebo, all with background M...