Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib for Active Ankylosing Spondylitis Refractory to Biological Therapy: A Double-blind, Randomised, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Trial
Ann Rheum Dis 2022 doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2022-222608
Van der Heijde et al., carried out a study to show whether upadacitinib offers an effective treatment option for bDMARD-naïve and bDMARD-IR patients with active AS. Their results indicated that upadacitinib 15 mg significantly improved the signs and symptoms of active AS. The treatment was well tolerated for 14 weeks in bDMARD-IR patients, consistent with results observed in the upadacitinib AS bDMARD-naïve study.
Is the Risk of Infection Higher During Treatment with Secukinumab than with TNF-inhibitors? An Observational Study from the Nordic Countries
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2022 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac358
Glintborg B et al, highlight in their recent research from the Nordic countries, that there is a low frequency of hospitalised infections during treatment with secukinumab or TNFi in patients with SpA and PsA. In clinical practice, secukinumab was found to double absolute risk of 1st year hospitalised infection compared with adalimumab, with the other TNFi treatments falling in between.
Efficacy and safety of ixekizumab in patients with active psoriatic arthritis with and without concomitant conventional disease‑modifying antirheumatic drugs: SPIRIT‑P1 and SPIRIT‑P2 3‑year results
Clin Rheumatol. 2022 doi: 10.1007/s10067-022-06218-8
In this investigation ixekizumab showed sustained efficacy in PsA therapy for up to three years in both monotherapy and combination with MTX or a csDMARD. Here, investigators set out to evaluate the three-year efficacy and safety of ixekizumab with and without csDMARD use in patients with active PsA.
Identification of novel off targets of baricitinib and tofacitinib by machine learning with a focus on thrombosis and viral infection
Sci Rep. 2022 doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-11879-1
Established machine learning approaches, based on ligand similarity, identified previously unknown off-target interactions of baricitinib and tofacitinib, and adds to the evidence that these JAK inhibitors are promiscuous binders, and highlight the potential for repurposing.
Unincreased risk of hospitalized infection under targeted therapies versus methotrexate in elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a retrospective cohort study
Arthritis Res Ther. 2022 doi: 10.1186/s13075-022-02807-9
Retrospective, longitudinal, population-based study shows that despite an overall higher incidence of hospitalised infection (HI) in both elderly and older elderly patients compared to young patients, the risks of HI in patients exposed to targeted therapy versus MTX is not significantly increased.
Effect of Secukinumab on Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Inflammatory Biomarkers: Post Hoc Analyses of Pooled Data Across Three Indications
Rheumatol Ther 2022 Jun;9(3):935-955. Doi: 10.1007/s40744-022-00434-z
Merola et al., reported the effect of interleukin (IL)-17A inhibition with secukinumab on cardiovascular (CV) risk parameters in patients with psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) over 1 year of treatment. This study evaluated data from 19 secukinumab related clinical trials in phase 3/4 in psoriasis, PsA, and axSpA.
Efficacy and Safety of Selective TYK2 Inhibitor, Deucravacitinib, in a Phase II Trial in Psoriatic Arthritis
Ann Rheum Dis. 2022 doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221664
In this study Mease, et al. aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of deucravacitinib in patients with active PsA. Treatment with the selective TYK2i deucravacitinib was well tolerated and resulted in greater improvements than placebo in ACR-20 as well as Multiplicity-controlled secondary endpoints and other exploratory efficacy measures in patients.
Persistence and Effectiveness of the IL-12/23 Pathway Inhibitor Ustekinumab or Tumour Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Treatment in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: 1-year Results From the Real-world PsABio Study
Ann Rheum Dis 2022 doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221640
Many RCTs have demonstrated efficacy and safety of biologics in PsA. However, long term comparative real world data is lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the real-world effectiveness and persistence of the IL-12/23 inhibitor ustekinumab or a TNFi for PsA 1 year post initiation. As a result, they found that PS-adjusted comparisons demonstrated comparable overall persistence, effectiveness and safety for both modes of action in PsA.
Short- and longer-term cancer risks with biologic and targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumaticdrugs as used against rheumatoid arthritis in clinical practice
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2022 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keab570
Observational, nationwide cohort study finds no increased risk for cancer overall in RA patients treated with TNFis, anti-CD20 or anti-IL6.
Risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients initiating biologics/apremilast for psoriatic arthritis: a nationwide cohort study
Pina Vegas and her colleagues sought to assess the relative risk of MACEs in patients with PsA initiating bDMARDs or apremilast. They found that overall, the data produced overall a positive picture regarding the incidence of MACE in treatment.