Therapy with JAK Inhibitors or bDMARDs and the Risk of Cardiovascular Events in the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Population
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead531 Epub ahead of print
Popa, et al. compared the incidence of CV events between JAKi and bDMARD therapies in a large RA population, and found no significant difference in CV risk between the treatment groups. They also compared CV risk between baricitinib-treated and tofacitinib-treated patients and found no significant difference.
Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated with Conventional Synthetic, Biologic and Targeted Synthetic Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Drugs: Observational Data from the German RABBIT Register
This study by Meissner, et al. estimated the effects of JAKi, TNFi, bDMARDs and csDMARDs on the risk of MACE in RA patients. The authors found no significant difference in MACE risk by treatment group, even among patients at increased CV risk.
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023; 62(SI3):SI304–SI312 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead502
This study by Kerekes, et al. investigated the relationship between tofacitinib therapy, angiogenic biomarker levels, and vascular inflammation and function in RA patients. The authors found that tofacitinib treatment reduced the production of bFGF, PlGF and IL-6, which may inhibit synovial and aortic inflammation.
Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Disorders on Biologics and Small Molecules: Network Meta-Analysis
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 Oct 9:S1542-3565(23)00767-X doi 10.1016/j.cgh.2023.09.033 Epub ahead of print
The results of this study show that anti-IL-12/23, JAK inhibitors, and anti-TNF-α were associated with slightly higher risk of MACE compared with placebo. The risk was no different between biologic treatments, and the magnitude of risk did not differ between IMID type.
Tofacitinib Efficacy and Safety in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis by Prior Biologic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug Use: A Post Hoc Analysis
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023 Sep 29 doi 10.1002/acr2.11601 Epub ahead of print
In this post hoc analysis by Deoodhar, et al., the authors found that tofacitinib demonstrated greater efficacy than placebo in bDMARD-naïve and TNFi-IR AS patients. They also found that safety event rates for tofacitinib therapy were numerically higher in the TNFi-IR subgroup than the bDMARD-naïve subgroup.
Bimekizumab Treatment in Patients With Active Axial Spondyloarthritis: 52-week Efficacy and Safety from the Randomised Parallel Phase 3 BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2 Studies
Ann Rheum Dis. 2023 doi 10.1136/ard-2023-224803 Epub ahead of print
Baraliakos, et al. present data from two Phase 3 studies, BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2, that investigated the clinical efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in axSpA patients. They found that bimekizumab had sustained and consistent efficacy in patients with nr-axSpA and r-axSpA.
Prevention of Radiographic Progression in Higher-Risk Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Filgotinib in Phase III Studies: Narrative Review of Post Hoc Analyses
Rheumatol Ther. 2023 doi: 10.1007/s40744-023-00590-w Epub ahead of print
Findings from post hoc analyses extend the knowledge base for radiographic benefits of filgotinib in patients with RA.
A Real-World Effectiveness Study Using a Mobile Application to Evaluate Early Outcomes with Upadacitinib in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatol Ther. 2023 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00594-6 Epub ahead of print
This study by Harrold, et al. showed that RA patients initiating upadacitinib reported improvements in RAPID3, pain, stiffness, and fatigue as early as Week 1, with 37.5% achieving RAPID3 LDA at Week 12. TNFi-experienced patients had similar outcomes.
Incidence, Prevalence, and Co-occurrence of Autoimmune Disorders Over Time and by Age, Sex, and Socioeconomic Status: A Population-based Cohort Study of 22 Million Individuals in the UK
Lancet. 2023; 401(10391):1878–1890 doi 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)00457-9
Incidence rates for autoimmune diseases increased between 2000 and 2019 in the UK, notably in coeliac disease, Sjogren's syndrome, and Graves' disease. Pernicious anaemia and Hashimoto's thyroiditis had the greatest decrease in incidence. These disorders affected about 10% of the population, with socioeconomic, seasonal, and regional variations observed.
Cardiovascular Safety of Janus Kinase Inhibitors in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis
Front Pharmacol. 2023; 8(14):1237234 doi 10.3389/fphar.2023.1237234
This meta-analysis by Wei, et al. found that JAKi therapy was not associated with a higher risk of MACE than treatment with adalimumab, abatacept, or placebo. However, a higher incidence of all-cause mortality was observed with tofacitinib treatment than with adalimumab treatment.