Efficacy and Safety of Non-Pharmacological and Non-Biological Interventions: A Systematic Literature Review Informing the 2022 Update of the ASAS/EULAR Recommendations for the Management of AxSpA
Ann Rheum Dis 2022; online ahead of print doi:10.1136/ard-2022-223297
Non-pharmacological interventions are important for any rheumatic disease, but especially axSpA, where they represent the cornerstone of treatment. The aim of this study was to produce a systematic literature review on efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological and non-biological pharmacological treatments was performed.
Tofacitinib and Risk of Malignancy: Results From the Safety of Tofacitinib in Routine Care Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis (STAR-RA) Study
Arthritis Rheumatol. 2022;74:1648–1659 doi: 10.1002/art.42250
Large, population-based, real-world cohort of study in patients with RA finds tofacitinib not to be associated with an increased risk of malignancies, in comparison to TNFi agents, although a numerically increased risk of malignancies was observed in older patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Risk of major adverse cardiovascular and venous thromboembolism events in patients with rheumatoid arthritis exposed to JAK inhibitors versus adalimumab: a nationwide cohort study
Ann Rheum Dis. 2022. doi: 10.1136/ard-2022-222824
Real-world population study of patients with RA provides reassuring data regarding the risks of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and venous thromboembolism events (VTEs) in patients initiating a JAKinib versus adalimumab, including patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Risk of MACE with Tofacitinib Versus TNFi in Patients with RA With or Without a History of Atherosclerotic CV: A Post Hoc Analysis from ORAL Surveillance
Ann Rheum Dis. 2022. doi: 10.1136/ard-2022-222259
Post hoc analysis from ORAL Surveillance observes higher major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) risk with tofacitinib vs TNFi in patients with RA and history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD).
Infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving tofacitinib versus tumour necrosis factor inhibitors: results from the open-label, randomised controlled ORAL Surveillance trial
Post hoc analysis, using the final dataset from ORAL Surveillance, reveals a higher risk of non-serious infections and herpes zoster with tofacitinib vs TNFi, and higher risk of serious infection events with tofacitinib 10 mg BID versus TNFi, particularly in patients aged ≥65 years.
Identification of novel off targets of baricitinib and tofacitinib by machine learning with a focus on thrombosis and viral infection
Sci Rep. 2022 doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-11879-1
Established machine learning approaches, based on ligand similarity, identified previously unknown off-target interactions of baricitinib and tofacitinib, and adds to the evidence that these JAK inhibitors are promiscuous binders, and highlight the potential for repurposing.
Effect of Tofacitinib on Pain, Fatigue, Health-related Quality of Life and Work Productivity in Patients with Active Ankylosing Spondylitis: Results from A Phase III, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial
RMD Open 2022 doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2022-002253
Navarro-Compán et al, determined the effectiveness of tofacitinib in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis in a Phase III, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
The Impact of Tofacitinib on Fatigue, Sleep, and Health‑Related Quality of Life in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Post Hoc Analysis of Data from Phase 3 Trials
Arthritis Res Ther. 2022;24(1):83 doi:10.1186/s13075-022-02724-x
This was an exploratory post hoc analysis of pooled data, from over 2000 patients in three Phase 3 studies of tofacitinib, which demonstrates an association between tofacitinib treatment and significantly greater improvements in fatigue, sleep, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), compared with placebo.
Effectiveness of baricitinib and tofacitinib compared with bDMARDs in RA: results from a cohort study using nationwide Swedish register data
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2022. Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac068Data from the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register and Swedish Registries, show a higher treatment retention and overall equivalent or better treatment response on baricitinib, compared with bDMARDs or tofacitinib, but no statistically significant differences between tofacitinib and bDMARDs.In this largest population-based study to date, comparing RA patients initiating baricitinib, tofacitinib or bDMARDs, Barbulescu, et al. help to fill some of the current knowledge gaps surrounding the effica...
Effect of dose adjustments on the efficacy and safety of tofacitinib in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a post hoc analysis of an open-label, long-term extension study (ORAL Sequel)
Clin Rheumatol. 2022 Jan 1. Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1007/s10067-021-05908-zPost-hoc analysis shows that dosing up from tofacitinib 5 to 10 mg BID is associated with improved efficacy for up to 12 months, versus staying on 5 mg BID, and dosing down from 10 to 5 mg BID is not generally associated with a significant loss of efficacy.Although clinical trials have generally shown no significant differences, in terms of efficacy and safety, when switching tofacitinib dose up or down, these per-protocol switches are not directly informative for clinical decision-making in dai...