Ann Rheum Dis 2022; online ahead of print doi:10.1136/ard-2022-223296
Since the last update in 2016, more data have become available on existing treatment options for axSpA, and particularly on IL-17i. The increasing availability of more drugs and with different modes of action raises questions around their positioning in the treatment pathway. This review sought to update the 2016 recommendations with newly available evidence.
Efficacy and Safety of Risankizumab for Active Psoriatic Arthritis: 52-week Results from the Keepsake 2 Study
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2022 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac605
This study reported the long-term efficacy, safety, and tolerability of RZB through 52 weeks of treatment in KEEPsAKE 2. In doing so it demonstrated long-term, durable efficacy of risankizumab in improving symptom control, physical function and quality of life in patients with active PsA who were csDMARD-IR or Bio-IR.
Recapture and Retreatment Rates with Ixekizumab After Withdrawal of Therapy in Patients with Axial Spondyloarthritis: Results at Week 104 From a Randomised Placebo-controlled Withdrawal Study
Ann Rheum Dis. 2022 doi: 10.1136/ard-2022-222731
The present analysis demonstrated that patients continuously treated with IXE were less likely to experience flare compared with patients receiving placebo. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recapture of response with open-label IXE retreatment at week 104 in patients with axSpA who flared after withdrawal of IXE therapy.
Upadacitinib for the Treatment of Active Non-radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis (SELECT-AXIS 2): A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase 3 Trial
Lancet 2022 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)01212-0
Upadacitinib significantly improved the signs and symptoms of nr-axSpA compared with placebo at Week 14 in this investigation. Prior to this, upadacitinib had been shown to be effective in patients with AS. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of upadacitinib in non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis.
Effect of Tofacitinib on Pain, Fatigue, Health-related Quality of Life and Work Productivity in Patients with Active Ankylosing Spondylitis: Results from A Phase III, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial
RMD Open 2022 doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2022-002253
Navarro-Compán et al, determined the effectiveness of tofacitinib in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis in a Phase III, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Upadacitinib in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Biologics: 56-Week Data from the Randomized Controlled Phase 3 SELECT-PsA 2 Study
Rheumatol Ther. 2021;8(2):903–919Fifty-six-week data suggest that upadacitinib could be a favourable long-term treatment option in patients with PsA who are refractory to biologic therapy.As the need for additional therapeutic agents that can effectively control disease activity continues, new data from a 56-week analysis of the oral reversible JAK1 inhibitor, upadacitinib, currently under investigation for the treatment of PsA, shows that efficacy of the drug is maintained over the duration of this study.Mease, et al. explored...
Annals of the rheumatic diseases. 2021 Mar 1;80(3):312-20.In this trial of patients with active PsA who had inadequate response or intolerance to at least one biologic DMARD, upadacitinib 15 mg and 30 mg was more effective than placebo over 24 weeks in improving signs and symptoms of PsA. Despite the availability of bDMARDs in PsA, only a small proportion of patients achieve the recommended target of minimal disease activity; as such, additional treatment options are needed. Upadacitinib is under evaluation for PsA. This paper reports the 24-week data ...
Switching between Janus kinase inhibitor upadacitinib and adalimumab following insufficient response: efficacy and safety in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Ann Rheum Dis 2020; doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-21841220Both ACR and EULAR recommend adding a biologic or targeted synthetic DMARD in patients who do not achieve treatment goals at follow-up. Findings indicated that an immediate switch in mechanism of action (from JAKi to TNFi and vice versa) following treat-to-target principles is feasible with minimal risk of flare regardless of whether patients are switched due to non-response or incomplete-response.SELECT-COMPARE followed treat-to-target principles to examine the efficacy of switching in two pati...
Efficacy and Safety of Filgotinib, a Selective Janus Kinase 1 Inhibitor, in Patients with Active Psoriatic Arthritis (EQUATOR): Results from a Randomised, Placebo-controlled, Phase 2 Trial
Lancet. 2018 Dec 1;392(10162):2367-2377. DOI 10.1016/ S0140-6736(18)32483-8In this first clinical trial of filgotinib in patients with PsA, filgotinib was effective in treating the signs and symptoms of active PsA across various disease manifestations.The EQUATOR trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 2 trial, that enrolled 191 adult patients from 25 sites in seven countries. Patients with active moderate-to-severe PsA and an insufficient response or intolerance to at least one csDMARD were assigned 1:1 to receive filgotinib 200 mg or placebo o...
Safety and Efficacy of Upadacitinib in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Conventional Synthetic Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (SELECT-NEXT): a Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Trial
Lancet 2018;391:2503–12Patients with moderate-to-severe active RA had significant improvements in clinical signs and symptoms with upadacitinib (UPA) compared with placebo.In Phase 2 studies, UPA showed favourable efficacy when administered twice daily as an immediate-release formulation at doses of 6–12 mg in patients with active RA who had TNFi-IR.1,2 An extended-release formulation allowing once-daily (QD) administration was developed for Phase 3 studies. SELECT-NEXT was a double-blind, multicentre, Phase 3 study t...